Open Access

Resveratrol rescues TNF‑α‑induced inhibition of osteogenesis in human periodontal ligament stem cells via the ERK1/2 pathway

  • Authors:
    • Jiakan Yuan
    • Xuxia Wang
    • Dan Ma
    • Hui Gao
    • Dehua Zheng
    • Jun Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 11, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11021
  • Pages: 2085-2094
  • Copyright: © Yuan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Periodontitis is a common inflammatory disorder affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth, which can lead to the destruction of periodontal tissue and tooth loss. Resveratrol, a natural phytoalexin, exerts multiple biological effects. For example, its anti‑inflammatory activity has been widely studied for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease for a number of years. However, its effect on bone repair and new bone formation in an inflammatory microenvironment is not well understood. Accordingly, the effect of resveratrol on inflammation‑affected human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) requires further investigation. In the present study, the effect of tumor necrosis factor‑α (TNF‑α), resveratrol, or the combination of both on the osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs, as well as the underlying mechanisms involved, were investigated. Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay, alkaline phosphatase staining, Alizarin red staining, Oil Red O staining, reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR and western blotting were used in the present study. It was demonstrated that resveratrol enhanced hPDLSC osteogenesis and reversed the inhibitory effects of TNF‑α on this process. Further mechanistic studies indicated that resveratrol exerted anti‑inflammatory activity by activating the ERK1/2 pathway, decreasing the secretion of interleukin (IL)‑6 and IL‑8 induced by TNF‑α, and enhancing hPDLSCs osteogenesis. The present study suggested that resveratrol may be a novel and promising therapeutic choice for periodontitis.

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May 2020
Volume 21 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Yuan, J., Wang, X., Ma, D., Gao, H., Zheng, D., & Zhang, J. (2020). Resveratrol rescues TNF‑α‑induced inhibition of osteogenesis in human periodontal ligament stem cells via the ERK1/2 pathway. Molecular Medicine Reports, 21, 2085-2094. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11021
MLA
Yuan, J., Wang, X., Ma, D., Gao, H., Zheng, D., Zhang, J."Resveratrol rescues TNF‑α‑induced inhibition of osteogenesis in human periodontal ligament stem cells via the ERK1/2 pathway". Molecular Medicine Reports 21.5 (2020): 2085-2094.
Chicago
Yuan, J., Wang, X., Ma, D., Gao, H., Zheng, D., Zhang, J."Resveratrol rescues TNF‑α‑induced inhibition of osteogenesis in human periodontal ligament stem cells via the ERK1/2 pathway". Molecular Medicine Reports 21, no. 5 (2020): 2085-2094. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11021