Enhanced radiosensitivity by inhibition of the anti-apoptotic gene clusterin using antisense oligodeoxynucleotide in a human bladder cancer model
Affiliations: Department of Urology, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe 650-0017, Japan
- Published online on: May 1, 2005 https://doi.org/10.3892/or.13.5.885
- Pages: 885-890
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Clusterin has been shown to be implicated in the acquisition of resistant phenotype to various kinds of apoptotic stimuli, including radiation. In bladder cancer, our previous study demonstrated that overexpression of clusterin is closely associated with disease progression and recurrence. The objective of this study was to investigate whether radiation sensitivity was enhanced by suppressing clusterin gene expression with antisense (AS) oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) in the human bladder cancer KoTCC-1 model. Clusterin mRNA in KoTCC-1 cells after radiation was up-regulated in a dose-dependent manner; however, AS clusterin ODN treatment resulted in a marked inhibition of clusterin mRNA even after irradiation. Combined treatment of KoTCC-1 cells with radiation and AS clusterin ODN synergistically decreased plating efficacy and induced apoptotic cell death compared with either radiation or AS clusterin ODN treatment alone. In vivo systemic administration of AS clusterin ODN enhanced radiation sensitivity, significantly reducing subcutaneous KoTCC-1 tumor volume in nude mice, compared with that of mismatch control ODN. Moreover, additional administration of cisplatin to this combined regimen further achieved potential antitumor effects on subcutaneous KoTCC-1 tumor growth in nude mice. Collectively, these findings suggest that clusterin acts as a cell survival protein mediating radioresistance through the inhibition of apoptosis, and that inactivation of clusterin using AS technology might offer a novel strategy to improve the outcome of radiation therapy for patients with bladder cancer.