Open Access

17‑AAG synergizes with Belinostat to exhibit a negative effect on the proliferation and invasion of MDA‑MB‑231 breast cancer cells

  • Authors:
    • Yu Zuo
    • Heng Xu
    • Zhifeng Chen
    • Fengmin Xiong
    • Bei Zhang
    • Kaixian Chen
    • Hualiang Jiang
    • Cheng Luo
    • Hao Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 26, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7563
  • Copyright: © Zuo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies that threaten the health of women. Although there are a few chemotherapies for the clinical treatment of breast cancer, these therapies are faced with the problems of drug‑resistance and metastasis. Drug combination can help to reduce the adverse side effects of chemotherapies using single drugs, and also help to overcome common drug‑resistance during clinical treatment of breast cancer. The present study reported the synergistic effect of the heat shock protein 90 inhibitor 17‑AAG and the histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor Belinostat in triple‑negative breast cancer (TNBC) MDA‑MB‑231 cells, by detection of proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest following treatment with this combination. Subsequently, RNA sequencing (RNA‑seq) data was collected and analyzed to investigate the synergistic mechanism of this combination. Based on the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathways revealed by RNA‑seq data analysis, a wound‑healing assay was used to investigate the effect of this combination on the migration of MDA‑MB‑231 cells. Compared with treatment with 17‑AAG or Belinostat alone, both the viability inhibition and apoptosis rate of MDA‑MB‑231 cells were significantly enhanced in the combination group. The combination index values were <1 in three concentration groups. Revealed by the RNA‑seq data analysis, the most significantly enriched KEGG pathways in the combination group were closely associated with cell migration. Based on these findings, the anti‑migration effect of this combination was investigated. It was revealed that the migration of MDA‑MB‑231 cells was significantly suppressed in the combination group compared with in the groups treated with 17‑AAG or Belinostat alone. In terms of specific genes, the mRNA expression levels of TEA domain family proteins were significantly decreased in the combination group, whereas the phosphorylation of YY1 associated protein 1 and modulator of VRAC current 1 was significantly enhanced in the combination group. These alterations may help to explain the anti‑migration effect of this combination. Belinostat has already been approved as a treatment for T‑cell lymphoma and 17‑AAG is undergoing clinical trials. These findings could provide a beneficial reference for the clinical treatment of patients with TNBC.

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Print ISSN: 1021-335X
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APA
Zuo, Y., Xu, H., Chen, Z., Xiong, F., Zhang, B., Chen, K. ... Zhang, H. (1899). 17‑AAG synergizes with Belinostat to exhibit a negative effect on the proliferation and invasion of MDA‑MB‑231 breast cancer cells. Oncology Reports, 0, 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7563
MLA
Zuo, Y., Xu, H., Chen, Z., Xiong, F., Zhang, B., Chen, K., Jiang, H., Luo, C., Zhang, H."17‑AAG synergizes with Belinostat to exhibit a negative effect on the proliferation and invasion of MDA‑MB‑231 breast cancer cells". Oncology Reports 0.0 (1899): 0-0.
Chicago
Zuo, Y., Xu, H., Chen, Z., Xiong, F., Zhang, B., Chen, K., Jiang, H., Luo, C., Zhang, H."17‑AAG synergizes with Belinostat to exhibit a negative effect on the proliferation and invasion of MDA‑MB‑231 breast cancer cells". Oncology Reports 0, no. 0 (1899): 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7563