Comparative virology and AIDS (review)

  • Authors:
    • M Kodama
    • T Kodama
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 1, 1996
  • Pages: 339-350
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The scientific debate between pros and cons of the HIV criminal theory of AIDS still remains unsettled. The purpose of this review is to promote resolution of the problem by extracting a common principle of the host-virus relation using data resources for each of 4 viruses as follows: a) polyoma virus, b) Marek's disease virus, c) Ebola virus, d) Korean hemorrhagic fever virus. Conclusions drawn from this study are given as follows: i) Environment emerged as the cardinal factor to modify the process of virus infection in all of the 4 viruses studied. Above all, an accelerating effect of environmental stress on the progression of virus infection was noted in vivo in the majority of viral diseases. ii) Evidence is available to indicate that a healthy cell (or a healthy individual) may harbor virus genes of multiple species without manifesting any pathologic sign. iii) Evidence also suggests that the biological property as well as morphological structure of a virus may vary in reponse to a change of the bioenvironment. On the basis of the above information, we propose to renounce 2 assumptions of classical infection model: a) the hereditarily determined virulence of a microorganism (including virus) be the sole determinant of infection to the effect that its invasion into the host should automatically complete the programmed course of infection; b) virus, a quasi-living creature, should reserve its behavioral independence irrespective of a change of the bioenvironment. The new infection model was constructed on the basis of the selfish gene concept that had been invented by Richard Dawkins to explain the altruistic behavior of an individual. That is, the fate of an exogenous or endogenous virus is under the dual control of the host genome (selfish gene) and the outer environment. The progression of virus infection is conditioned by a crosstalk between them. The selfish gene may use virus (a lifeless substance) as a magic bullet to induce a designated host response. In that sense, virus is not allowed to retain behavioral independence in the practice of its task. The above new model of virus infection was tested for its validity in the recent data of AIDS epidemiology.

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March 1996
Volume 3 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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Kodama M and Kodama M: Comparative virology and AIDS (review). Oncol Rep 3: 339-350, 1996
Kodama, M., & Kodama, M. (1996). Comparative virology and AIDS (review). Oncology Reports, 3, 339-350.
Kodama, M., Kodama, T."Comparative virology and AIDS (review)". Oncology Reports 3.2 (1996): 339-350.
Kodama, M., Kodama, T."Comparative virology and AIDS (review)". Oncology Reports 3, no. 2 (1996): 339-350.