HIF‑1α and MBP1 are associated with the progression of breast cancer cells by repressing β‑catenin transcription
- Ying Zhuang
- Xiang Li
- Peng Zhan
- Guoliang Pi
- Gu Wen
Affiliations: Department of Breast Surgery, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430000, P.R. China
- Published online on: July 5, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2022.8361
Copyright: © Zhuang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Breast cancer (BC) is a common type of tumor. Numerous patients are diagnosed and treated in the early stages of the disease; however, the recurrence rate remains high. Therefore, identifying sensitive and specific tumor markers to prevent and treat BC is essential. c‑Myc promoter binding protein 1 (MBP1) is a regulatory molecule located in the cell nucleus. It targets and regulates the expression of various cell proliferation‑, apoptosis‑ and tumor‑associated genes. MBP1 expression in BC tissues was detected using immunohistochemistry and further validated in BC and normal human cell lines using RT‑qPCR and western blot analysis. Low MBP1 expression, in clinical samples of BC, was associated with a poor prognosis of BC (n=50). MBP1 overexpression effectively inhibited the growth and metastasis of xenograft tumors in vivo. Cell counting kit‑8 assays confirmed that the proliferation of the BC cell lines was significantly increased following knockdown of MBP1 expression, while overexpression of MBP1 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of the BC cell lines. Mechanistically, a dual‑luciferase assay was used to confirm that MBP1 was the key transcriptional regulator of β‑catenin. In addition, MBP1 transcription and hypoxia‑inducible factor (HIF‑1α) induction were associated. By regulating the hypoxic microenvironmental state in the MDA231 and MCF7 cell lines, it was demonstrated that MBP1 served as a hypoxia‑responsive factor and could be a new target for tumor therapy. Taken together, these results suggested that MBP1, as a potential tumor marker associated with prognosis of BC and may serve as a therapeutic target for BC. Moreover, MBP1 plays a critical role in inhibiting the growth and progression of BC cell lines.