Effects of embryonic exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls on zebrafish skeletal development

  • Authors:
    • Li Ju
    • Kai Tang
    • Xi-Rong Guo
    • Yang Yang
    • Guan-Zhong Zhu
    • Yue Lou
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 6, 2012     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2012.823
  • Pages: 1227-1231
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Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants that affect embryonic development. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of embryonic exposure to PCBs on early skeletal development in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Zebrafish embryos were immediately exposed to various concentrations (0, 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mg/l) of PCBs (Aroclor 1254) after fertilization. Embryos were assessed at 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 h post-fertilization (hpf) for changes in embryonic survival and malformation rates. Calcium content and vitamin D receptor (VDR), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and TRVP6 mRNA expressions were assessed at 120 hpf. The results showed that PCBs exposure decreased the survival rate of the embryos in a time-and dose-dependent manner. The embryos exposed to the higher concentrations of PCBs (0.5 and 1.0 mg/l) displayed obvious skeletal morphological deformities. At 120 hpf, the calcium content of the zebrafish was downregulated in all the PCB-treated groups. VDR, PTH and TRVP6 mRNA expressions were all affected by PCBs. By 120 hpf, the mRNA expressions of VDR, PTH and TRVP6 from the PCB-treated larvae were all upregulated. The expressions of PTH and TRVP6 positively correlated with the level of PCBs to which the embryos were exposed. These results suggest that embryonic exposure to PCBs induces developmental deficits in the zebrafish skeleton.

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May 2012
Volume 5 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Ju, L., Tang, K., Guo, X., Yang, Y., Zhu, G., & Lou, Y. (2012). Effects of embryonic exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls on zebrafish skeletal development. Molecular Medicine Reports, 5, 1227-1231. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2012.823
MLA
Ju, L., Tang, K., Guo, X., Yang, Y., Zhu, G., Lou, Y."Effects of embryonic exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls on zebrafish skeletal development". Molecular Medicine Reports 5.5 (2012): 1227-1231.
Chicago
Ju, L., Tang, K., Guo, X., Yang, Y., Zhu, G., Lou, Y."Effects of embryonic exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls on zebrafish skeletal development". Molecular Medicine Reports 5, no. 5 (2012): 1227-1231. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2012.823